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Pyrolyis (cracking) alkane, 400-600oC  smaller alkanes + alkenes + H2 Used to increase the yield of gasoline from petroleum. Higher boiling fractions ...
However, carbons in butane (C4H10) can be arranged in two ways; four carbons in a row (linear alkane) or a branching (branched alkane). These two structures are two ...
Alkanes Alkanes Alkanes Alkanes Alkanes Alkanes Haloalkanes Alkanes Alkanes Physical Properties Boiling points Alkanes Boiling Points of Alkanes Alkanes Name the ...

In the next step, the free radical removes a hydrogen atom from the alkane forming hydrogen bromine and a free radical of the alkane. CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2-H + Br ...
1. Structure cyclohexane cyclohexene Or Table: 2-7 Question 1 - 5 1. Insoluble because they are non-polar. Water is polar. Like-dissolves-like.
The name for an alkane with an unbranched chain of carbon atoms consists of a prefix showing the number of carbon atoms and the ending -ane 2.
Because their general formula is CnH2n, they have two fewer H atoms than an acyclic alkane with the same number of carbons. Figure 4.17 The two conformations of cis-1,4 ...
end of chapter 16 - alkenes Demo - to distinguish between an alkane and an alkene (decolourisation of bromine!). Qn: What will happen if I bubble the gas from a bottle ...
Alkanes Introduction: All C atoms in an alkane are surrounded by four groups, making them sp3 hybridized and tetrahedral, and all bond angles are 109.5°.
Identify the longest chain and then name it Naming the Substituents Groups along C backbone are called substituents Alkane substituents are called alkyl groups ...
14.11 Alkane Synthesis Using Organocopper Reagents Lithium Dialkylcuprates Lithium dialkylcuprates are useful synthetic reagents. They are prepared from alkyllithiums ...
Isomerism exists in all homologous series including the alkane family. Alkanes Organic compounds having single carbon-carbon bonds in their structures and also conform to ...
Cyclopropane exhibits unusual reactivity for an alkane. Conformation of cyclobutane Planar: eclipsing, torsional strain and bond angles of 90o Folded, bent: less ...
How many C5H12 isomers? these two structures are identical bond line structures: alkane isomers: How many C5H12 isomers? these two structures are identical alkane isomers ...
At less than 100% chiral alkane concentration (more inert solvent present), more triplet nitrene is formed at the expense of initially produced singlet nitrene..
CH3—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH3 * 3.3 Alkyl Groups Alkyl group – remove one H from an alkane (a part of a structure) General abbreviation “R” (for Radical, an ...
Types of Alkane Chains There are two different types of alkane chains. 1) Straight chain alkanes (normal alkanes) Different Structures that Represent Alkanes Alkane ...
Groups that replace a H in the corresponding alkane. A way to classify families of organic compounds. Alkenes and Alkynes Alkenes contain a double bond between adjacent ...
Types of Alcohol Reactions Dehydration to alkene Oxidation to aldehyde, ketone Substitution to form alkyl halide Reduction to alkane Esterification Tosylation Williamson ...
Nomenclature Common Names end with –ylene Ethylene Propylene IUPAC: Replace –ane of an alkane with –ene of an alkene Ethene Propene Alkenes follow alkane ...
The Functional Group that we will focus on in this chapter is the Alkane Alkanes: Compounds with C-C single bonds and C-H bonds only The general formula for an alkane ...
Are named with the prefix cyclo- in front of the corresponding alkane name. Cycloalkanes Formulas of Some Cycloalkanes Alkenes and Aromatic Compounds Hydrocarbons that ...
Nomenclature for Cyclic Alkanes For compounds with a single ring, add the prefix “cyclo-” to the root name for the alkane comprising the ring.
... no more can be added They are also called aliphatic compounds * * Naming Alkanes Memorize 1-10 for next class * Alkane Isomers The molecular formula of an alkane with ...
Carboxylic acids – contains the carboxyl group COOH General formula RCOOH Weak acids in solution To name carboxylic acids Use the parent alkane name.

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